Scenario: You’ve received notice from a journal, and this is either your first review ever or your first review for this particular journal or this particular subfield.
First, Congratulations! Peer review is the defining feature of the scientific community and participation is arguably the greatest contribution that each scientist makes to their field.
Second, do you know if you want/should accept the invitation? Well, if you are unsure, follow this convenient checklist of questions to ask yourself:
1. Are you an expert in the relevant research field?
- Do you have a solid understanding of the methods, study design, and hypothesis under investigation?
2. Can you complete the review by the requested date?
- If you expect a delay, let the editor know before accepting the invitation
3. Do you have any conflicts of interest?
- If you suspect any potential conflicts of interest, disclose to the editor before accepting the invitation